Projects filed with the NYC DOB as Alteration type 2 or 3 can take advantage of Directive 14. Directive 14 allows the owner to have their own architect perform the final inspection. There are some limitations and project types where Dir 14 cannot be applied.
No Change in Use, Occupancy, or Egress
Any project with a change in use, occupancy or egress will not be able to apply Directive 14. Without Dir 14, a DOB inspector must inspect the property at the completion of the alteration. If the proposed work affects the Certificate of Occupancy in any way, it also does not qualify for Dir 14 and must be filed as an Alteration Type 1. You cannot apply Dir 14 to an Alt 1 or New Building NB Application. Dir 14 is applied to Alteration Type 2 (Alt 2) and Alteration Type 3 (Alt 3) DOB projects filings.
We have another blog post you may want to read to learn more about Alt 1 or Alt 2 filing.
Alteration Types 2 and 3
Typical Project Types for Filing Directive 14:
- Adding a bathroom
- Apartment Renovations
- Combining Apartments
- Converting Retail to Restaurant for less than 75 people.
- Office renovations that do not have a change in use, occupancy, or egress.
Project Types where Filing Directive 14 is not permitted:
- Alteration Type 1 Filing (Alt 1)
- New Building Applications (NB)
- Adult Establishments Alteration , even if Type 2
- Temporary Sales Offices in New Buildings for selling apartments
Filing for Dir 14
On the PW1 application, the owner and architect will sign taking responsibility for the final inspection on the project. If the renovation is in a Condo or Co-Op, an officer of the board will also have to sign the PW1 form.
Directive 14 Sign Off of Final Inspection
At the completion of the work, the project architect will come to the property to inspect the work. If there are any discrepancies between the approved plans and the work, the project cannot be signed off. Either the work will have to be modified, or the architect will have to file a Post Approval Amendment. In order to submit the sign-off, the architect files a Technical Report 1 (TR1) to the DOB. This form has a list of special inspections and progress inspections. The Dir 14 Final Inspection is a Progress Inspection and does not require any special license besides an Architecture or Engineering license.
Just because nobody from the DOB is doing the final inspection does not mean you can do whatever you want. All work must comply with the Building Code and all applicable laws. The work must match the approved plans or an amendment to the plans must be filed.
Directive 14 (Dir 14)
As an architect, I study Building Codes and protocols closely, but these are complicated and quite involved. In this article we reviewed some of the basic concepts with regards to Directive 14 final inspections. This post does not assume to cover every possible issue or condition, but provide a general overview of the topic.
Thank you for reading our blog post on Directive 14.
I hope this was helpful. Please leave questions and comments below. If you would like to speak with an architect you can contact us directly.
This post was written by Jorge Fontan AIA a Registered Architect and owner of New York City architecture firm Fontan Architecture. Jorge Fontan has earned 3 degrees in the study of architecture including two degrees from the City University of New York and a Masters Degree in Advanced Architectural Design from Columbia University. Jorge has a background in construction and has been practicing architecture for 15 years where he has designed renovations and new developments of various building types.